Středověké město Svetvinčenat, situované v jižní části vnitrozemí Istrie, je jedním z istrijských klenotů, který turisté teprve nedávno znovu objevili. Velké oblibě se těší místní slavnosti.
Svetvincent (Vnitrozemí Istrie)
Svetvincent, Travel Guide for holidays in Svetvincent, Istria
Svetvincent – Points of interests
The area has been populatedd since prehistory and Roman times. The beginnings of Svetvinčenat are related to the monastery of the Benedictine monks from Ravenna on the location of the Church of St. Vincent on the cemetery. The first smaller settlement grew there. It is mentioned in the document written by Oton II (983) as the property of the Bishop of Poreč. In the 13th century, when the family Castropola from Pula took over the feud (1211), the new urban centre became the fortified building where the steward lived, but Svetvinčenat is mentioned as an abbey back in 1325 in Istarski razvod. After the Castropolas, the owners were families Morisini and Krotendorf and the Bishop of Poreč. The Morosinis finished the castle restoration in 1485 and started the transformation of the place into an organised Renaissance settlement with a square and water well in the middle, surrounded by the Parish Church and loggia and other public and residential buildings. In the 16th century the castle came into hands of family Grimani di Luca. As a fortress, the castle existed in the second half of the 13th century. Its transformation into a castle ended in 1485, and it has not mainly changed . The castle was a very important fortress for Venetian army as well; it was repaired in 1907 and thoroughly renovated in 1933. Svetvinčenent square, the popular Placa, pleasantly surprises every visitor with its authentic Renaissance appearance, symmetrical architectural proportions and simplicity. Placa is surrounded by the castle with towers and palace, the Parish Church of the Annunciation, town loggia from the 18th century, and the whole range of 16th century Renaissance houses, and in the middle of Placa there is the town’s water well made in 1808 of dressed stone with the contributions made by common people. The stone castle Grimani, the best preserved castle on the peninsula of Istria and the largest Svetvinčenat building, stretches over almost the entire north side of Placa. The castle used to be the destination for tradesmen, soldiers, aristocracy guests and travel writers, and today it attracts curious passer-bys and tourists. The castle is today one of the most beautiful Venetian buildings of that time in Istria. On its three corners there are three towers, and the fourth is the palace for gentlemen and a flat for the captain. From these towers all four entrances to the town were controlled. The towers are connected with fortress walls which also have a supporting wall at the bottom, and from the inside it is a balcony throughout its length from which the guards observed through loop-holes. The castle had a large yard, an apartment for the town steward, a warehouse for payments in kind and ammunition, rooms for 200 musketeers and lancers and a very safe prison – under the ground. In the 19th century the Grimani family made the castle over the bishops, and they gave it to the municipality early last century. In the World War II the castle was burnt one more time.
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